Quoting a phrase from Pope Leo XIII, the Council says that the study of the sacred page should be the soul of theology. General Revelation – God communicating to man His existence and His character through nature and reasoning, apart from any words or language. 28:18-20). Finally, the Council hopes that by reading and studying the Word of God contained in the Bible, Catholics will grow in the knowledge and love of God. This doubt is spreading like a virus among "believers". The answer is that Christ the Lord, who is the fullness of the revelation of God, taught the Apostles all that God wished to communicate to man and then commanded them to preach the Gospel to all nations, beginning with Israel. So the Church draws her certainty about revealed truth both from Scripture and from Tradition, both of which must be treated with equal reverence. Two Kinds of Divine Revelation I. In order that the Gospel might be preserved intact, the Apostles appointed bishops as their successors and conferred their own teaching authority on them. 497-524). He also revealed God's plan to redeem the human race by His passion, death and resurrection. The Bible is a self-disclosure of God to mankind. Defense of the Bible as God’s Divine Revelation One facet of being a person is to attempt to communicate something of oneself with some other persons, if one is able. The divine purpose, of course, is not foot-washing or head covering. The divine purpose is the eternal purpose of God. In its Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation (Dei Verbum, November 18, 1965) the Second Vatican Council spelled out in some detail what the Church believes and teaches with regard to divine revelation, primarily as it is contained in the Bible. Thus, we find dramatic types of Christ such as Abraham, Moses, David, the prophets, Job, and so forth. The Council says that those books give expression to a lively sense of God and that they are a storehouse of sublime teaching on God and of sound wisdom on human life, as well as a wonderful treasury of prayers (# 15). For this reason the Church encourages and promotes good translations in the modern languages which should be based on the original Hebrew and Greek texts; she holds in high regard the Greek Septuagint version of the OT, and the Latin Vulgate edition which was produced by St. Jerome in the 4th century. It is the discovery by God to man of himself; God showing or unveiling himself: that is, his Being, his moral will and his redemption in Christ. He established a covenant with them and gave them the promises of a Savior or Messiah who would eventually come. 2. The next very serious point has to do with the historical value of the Gospels, that is, are they true? Revelation is the supernatural communication of truth to the mind; inspiration (q.v.) Dei Verbum, since it is a dogmatic constitution, is one of the most important documents of the Council. The Council wants the whole world to hear the summons to salvation, so that through hearing it may believe, through belief it may hope, through hope it may come to love (#1). In secondary usage, revelation refers to the resulting human knowledge about God, prophecy, and other divine things. CHAPTER II. In its Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation (Dei Verbum, November 18, 1965) the Second Vatican Council spelled out in some detail what the Church believes and teaches with regard to divine revelation, primarily as it is contained in the Bible. Revelation has a wide variety of interpretations, ranging from the simple historical interpretation, to a prophetic view on what will happen in the future by way of the Will of God and the Woman's victory on Satan ("symbolic interpretation"), to different end time scenarios ("futurist interpretation"), to the views of critics who deny any spiritual value to Revelation at all, ascribing it to a human-inherited archetype. The Council says that the only authentic interpreter of the Word of God, whether written or in the form of Tradition, is the teaching office of the Church, which is also called the Magisterium. The Catholic faith is based on divine revelation. All the faithful should have easy access to sacred Scripture. This power and this faith are set forth clearly in the writings of the NT. The reason is because proofs depend on premises. Revelation 20:1-15 ESV / 2 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful. Accordingly, the Council urges priests, deacons and catechists to immerse themselves in the Scriptures by constantly reading them and meditating on them. He is the one who has the words of eternal life and He communicates that life through grace to all who believe in Him. The word of the LORD that came to Micah the Morasthite in the days of Jotham, Ahaz. The Magisterium of the Church is deeply concerned about the way in which the Bible is interpreted, and all interpretation of the Bible is subject to the judgment of the Church, which exercises the divinely given commission of overseeing and guarding the interpretation of God's holy Word. The Council says that the most important books in the NT are the four Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John because they are our principal source of knowledge about the life and teaching of Jesus Christ. In the Abrahamic religions, the term is used to refer to the process by which God reveals knowledge of himself, his will, and his divine providence to the world of human beings. Their purpose was that we might know the full truth about Jesus the Christ (see Luke 1:2-4) (#19). A prophecy is a message inspired by God, a divine revelation. CHAPTER I. DIVINE REVELATION ITSELF (##2-6): The basic idea of revelation is to make known something that is hidden. Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding in his hand the key to … He does it by deeds and words in the history of salvation as recorded in the OT and in the NT. Do they really tell us what Jesus did and said, or are they a pious fabrication of those who lived perhaps many years after the time of Jesus? 29, January 6, 1994, pp. Tradition and Scripture are closely bound together since they come from the same divine source. But it is not static. Thus, this sacred Tradition and the sacred Scriptures are like a mirror, in which the Church, during its pilgrim journey here on earth, contemplates God (#7). It is not any type of teaching, including the teaching of the Lord’s second coming. Bible verses about Divine Revelation. Those books were written down over a period of more than a thousand years; the language and cultural situation were vastly different from what we know. For Jesus communicated the Good News to His Apostles; they preached it everywhere and eventually they and other apostolic men committed that preaching to writing in what we call the four Gospels just mentioned. Tradition is also included, but the emphasis in the document is on the written word in the holy Scriptures of the Old Testament (OT) and the New Testament (NT). It is clear that God in various ways spoke to individuals revealing Himself, His will for them, and His direction for their lives long before Scripture was ever formulated. SACRED SCRIPTURE: ITS DIVINE INSPIRATION AND INTERPRETATION (##11-13): The Church holds that the 46 books of the OT and the 27 books of the NT are inspired by God. The Bible says that prophets “spoke from God as they were moved by holy spirit.” (2 Peter 1: 20, 21) So a prophet is one who receives God’s message and transmits it to others. This section of the document strongly encourages Scripture scholars to press forward in their work, but always in accordance with the mind of the Church (#23). In every generation she strives to achieve a deeper understanding of the sacred books which contain the Word of God. In His Providence God has so arranged things that Tradition, Scripture and the Magisterium are so connected and associated that one of them cannot stand without the others (#10). There are more than 350 references to the OT in the NT. In the case of divine revelation it means that God makes known to man Himself and the mysterious plan of His will for man and the world. He revealed Himself to Abraham and through Abraham He gained for Himself a people the people of Israel. It ranks second only to the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church (Lumen Gentium) and is printed in the second place in the collection of Vatican II documents. What is divine revelation? In other words, the … In addition to the four Gospels, the NT also contains the fourteen letters of St. Paul and the other apostolic writings which were written under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. If the Bible is proven by our premises, then how is it divine? Summary - Question 9 Is There a Difference Between Revelation and Divine Inspiration? From Paradise to Patmos revelation runs like a golden thread through every part of Sacred History. This basic revelation is the divine purpose. Correct interpretation also requires that the reader must keep the divine authorship in mind; he ought not to forget that there is unity in all of Scripture because it has one divine author. His will was that men should have access to the Father, through Christ, the Word made flesh, in the Holy Spirit, and thus become sharers in the divine nature (Eph. God revealed Himself in a beginning way to Abraham, Moses and the prophets and so adopted Israel as His own people. These documents are normative for anyone who calls himself a Catholic whether cleric, theologian or lay person. As the Apostles advanced in age and died as martyrs for Christ, those still living and their co-workers committed the message of salvation to writing. In this message we need to consider what is the basic revelation of the mystery of God. The OT contains 46 books law, history, prophets and wisdom books and all of them, in one way or another, point to the Messiah, the one who was to come. They can only strengthen his faith in Jesus as the Christ, the Son of the living God. God revealed Himself to man gradually. In accordance with Tradition, the Fathers of the Council say they intend to set forth the true doctrine on divine revelation and its transmission. 3004 and 3005). The liturgy of the Sacraments, especially the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, is permeated with quotes and references to the Bible. He taught them to look for the promised Savior and Messiah and in this way He set the stage for the arrival of the Gospel in Jesus Christ (#3). In this way the apostolic preaching is preserved without corruption until the end of time. To subscribe to Catholic Dossier call 1-800-651-1531. Now, when we look at the Bible as the divine revelation, and we are assuming this as a faith assumption, we’ll explain later why, we perceive that Scriptures teach that there are two forms of divine revelation. [ 1] P So the Gospels were written by eye witnesses (Matthew and John), or by the companions of eye witnesses (Mark and Luke). When Adam fell, God came to preach the gospel to him, saying, "Her [the woman’s] seed..shall bruise thy [Satan’s] head" (Gen. 3:15). In what follows I will summarize briefly the prologue and the six chapters of the Constitution and in the process I will make a few observations as a help to understanding the document. For explanation of the Bible is a work that must be done in the Church, for the Church, and under the direction of the Church. Actually there’s one book, one work, but it has two volumes. Catholic Dossier 6 no. The book of Revelation (also called The Revelation of John or The Revelation of St. John the Divine) is an example of "apocalyptic" writing - a form that delivers a message using symbols, images and numbers. In the past we have used the term the eternal purpose of God, but not the term the divine purpose. Revelation is God disclosing truth to humankind that we would not otherwise know. The inspired Word of God in many cases records and alludes to the fact of special divine revelation to man throughout the past centuries. Every written document is subject to interpretation, especially when it was written hundreds or thousands of years ago. The proper response of man to God's revelation of Himself is faith by which he freely assents to revelation and commits his entire self to God (#5). For it tells the story of the incarnation of the Son of God, what He did and what He said in order to redeem the human race. There is growth in the understanding of the faith, under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, which takes place through reflection on God's Word by saints and bishops and theologians. Here I want to argue a singular point: the Bible is a form of divine communication meant to lead us more fully into the life of God. It renders its subject the spokesman or prophet of God in such a sense that everything he asserts to be true, whether fact or doctrine or moral principle, is true, infallibly true. The Word of God nourishes faith. Natural revelation is truth about God that can be discerned by looking at the world around us and by looking within ourselves. The Catholic faith is based on divine revelation. For Jesus had promised to send the Holy Spirit on his Apostles (John 14 and 16) to guide them into all truth; He also said that He Himself would be with them until the end of the world (see Matt. The English title is The Interpretation of the Bible in the Catholic Church. The goal then is to proclaim the truth of the Gospel to the whole world so that it may believe in Jesus Christ and so arrive at the love of God. Father Kenneth Baker, S.J., assumed editorship of Homiletic & Pastoral Review in April 1971 and remained in this position for almost forty years. In his word a true man manifiests himself, his thought, feeling, character; and his word is important according to the measure of his faculties, experiences, attainments. Jesus Christ completed and perfected revelation; He proved who He was by His words and His miracles, especially by His glorious resurrection from the dead. 2, God, Trinity, Creation, Christ, Mary; and Vol. God’s purpose is to have the Body of Christ. 1, Creed and Commandments; Vol. Divine Revelation God's self-communication through which He makes known the mystery of His divine plan; A gift accomplished by the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit through words and deeds; Most fully realized in the Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension of Jesus Christ. 1 (January-February 2000): 17-21. Helped by the Holy Spirit, they wrote down what they remembered and what they had preached for a number of years, or they wrote down the testimony of others who were eye witnesses. WEB: The word of Yahweh that came to Micah the Morashtite in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, which he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem. The Bible is composed of “often sharply conflicting texts.” It is an assembly of works “so readers could strive to understand the various perspectives embraced by [these views], and in so doing build up an understanding of their own.” The Bible, Hazony emphasizes, … This was necessary so that we can draw near to the Father, through the Son, and with assistance of the Holy Spirit to participate in the divine nature (Dei Verbum, para 2). Revelation to Man in Bible Times. The books of the OT attain new meaning in the NT, and they also shed new light on many of the things that Jesus did and said. Accordingly, she encourages the study of the Eastern and Western Fathers and also the holy liturgies of the various Catholic rites. Divine revelation. With all due respect to my fellow-believers I would actually say ‘no’. Divine revelation, which is a remarkable and gracious gift of God, comes in both general and special ways. The chapter begins with the strong statement that the Word of God is the power of God for salvation to everyone who has faith (cf. Catholic theology is based on sacred Scripture, Tradition and the Magisterium. —Acts 3: 18. CHAPTER III. SACRED SCRIPTURE IN THE LIFE OF THE CHURCH (##21-26): The Church regards the divine Scriptures along with Tradition as the supreme rule of her faith. Although not everyone has access to special revelation, the Bible makes it clear that people everywhere have access to natural revelation … secures to the teacher or writer infallibility in communicating that truth to others. THE TRANSMISSION OF DIVINE REVELATION (##7-10): This chapter answers the question: How is divine revelation, which was given to mankind thousands of years ago in the OT and by Jesus in the NT, handed on from generation to generation? As a rule, the Scripture does not treat this divine speaking metaphorically. Jesus as the Word of God is the fullness of God's revelation. Next, the Council says that bishops should instruct the faithful on how to use the Bible in a Catholic way, and that they should provide good translations with adequate notes so the reader can better understand what the authors are saying, especially the evangelists Matthew, Mark, Luke and John (#25). In the prologue the Council says that it hears the Word of God with reverence and proclaims it with faith in order to have fellowship with the Father and with his Son Jesus Christ (1 John 1:2-3). As to the divine revelation in its widest scope, it is evident from the Scripture that God spoke to men from Adam to the last of the apostles. In the Bible the first layer of the divine revelation is the gospel and salvation of God. 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