El Mauretania fue diseñado por el arquitecto Leonard Peskett y construido por los astilleros Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson en Wallsend, Tyne y Wear.Botado en septiembre de 1906, se diferenciaba de su barco hermano, el Lusitania, en el diseño de sus respiraderos y en el castillo de proa (que era más largo superando en casi un metro la eslora su gemelo), entre otros detalles. Following a period of layup in Southampton, she was sold and scrapped. After her fittings were sold off in 1935, the ship herself departed for the scrapyard in Rosyth. April 14 While Titanic was at Queenstown on April 10, a young fireman named John Coffey, whose mother lived at Queenstown, deserted the ship by going ashore in one of the tenders. . By the 1900s, J.P. Morgan's International Mercantile Marine had acquired Cunard's biggest rival, White Star in its latest bid to monopolize shipping. After nearly 30 years, her long career would end in obscurity alongside her longtime rival, Olympic, another orphaned sister of Gilded Age arrogance. A second ocean liner with the name Mauretania was launched in 1938 by the Cunard White Star Line. Her final shut down was described as a great shutter as the engines slowed and stopped. At 790 feet in length, she was five feet longer than her younger sister, Lusitania. RMS Mauretania shortly after her maiden voyage. happened to be in a Cabin Class lounge as vertical mahogany panels can be seen on the walls During the early stages of the war H.M.T. Mauretania (/ ˌ m ɒr ɪ ˈ t eɪ n i ə, ˌ m ɔːr ɪ-/; Classical Latin: [mau̯.reːˈt̪aː.ni.a]) is the Latin name for a region in the ancient Maghreb.It stretched from central present-day Algeria westwards to the Atlantic, covering northern Morocco, and southward to the Atlas Mountains. This is how the Mauretania is being scrapped in the breakers yard. Mauretania, transatlantic passenger liner of the Cunard Line, called the “Grand Old Lady of the Atlantic.” It was launched in 1906 and made its maiden voyage in 1907; thereafter, it held the Atlantic Blue Riband for speed until 1929, challenged only by its sister ship, the Lusitania (sunk by a … Her journey was followed by fans and onlookers and as she arrived at the break up yard, a lone bagpiper on the quayside played a funeral lament to mark her end. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Mauretania-ship-1906-1935. Other articles where Mauretania is discussed: Mauretania: …ocean liner with the name Mauretania was launched in 1938 by the Cunard White Star Line. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Throughout the war, she transported troops during Gallipoli , served as a hospital ship and transported American troops after the US entered the war. Mauretania departed Liverpool on her maiden voyage on 16 November 1907 under the command of her first captain, John Pritchard and later that month captured the record for the fastest eastbound crossing of the Atlantic with an average speed of 23.69 knots (43.87 km/h). It made its maiden voyage the following year and, like its predecessor, was noted for its luxury and service. When it was acquired in 1966 it was assumed that this large, highly detailed and impressive model had been made by the shipbuilder that constructed the actual ship, Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson – how wrong we were! She was designed by Leonard Peskett and built by John Brown & Company in Clydebank, Scotland.She was launched on 21 April 1913 and sailed on her maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York on 30 May 1914. Corrections? In historical times Mauritania was settled by sub-Saharan peoples and by the Ṣanhājah Imazighen ( Berbers ). Together they were packed with luxury features never-before-seen on the ocean. Where Lusitania would join Titanic in the history books as one of the great maritime disasters of all time, Mauretania would go on to become one of Cunard's most successful liners ever. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It made its maiden voyage the following year and, like its predecessor, was noted for its luxury and service. Their Edwardian art deco made them attractive to all the rich and famous of Europe and America. Their introduction would conjure the most famous liner of all time, Titanic, and her older sister Olympic. Mauretania made her final passenger voyage from Southampton on 30th June 1934; the same day Cunard and White Star Line merged. Her engines had not aged well and she was noticeably slower. Her speed title was lost to a German liner that clocked 28 knots. After departing Liverpool April 14 on her own passage westbound for New York, Mauretania soon became part of Titanic's story, related on three separate occasions. From war's end to the 1930s, the Mauretania had a steady and busy career. An ancient district of the Roman Empire in present-day Morocco and Algeria. At the beginning of the war between Jugurtha and the Romans (112–105), Bocchus attempted unsuccessfully to make a treaty Cunard had her once revolutionary turbines overhauled in an attempt to recapture her record breaking speeds. Like many vessels of her kind, Mauretania was stripped of her luxury fittings, armed and painted in war colors. She finally left Liverpool on her maiden voyage to … In September 1909, Mauretania captured the Blue Riband for the fastest westbound crossing—a record that was to stand for more than two decades. … Her contents were auctioned off in 1935 and the ship was delivered to shipbreakers for demolition. I'm sure I saw the beautifully carved wooden nameplate in the breakers yard at Inverkeithing. Mauretania: Farewell to the Tyne ): 760 feet 0 inches Width: 88 feet Draught: 33 feet 6 inches Gross Tonnage: 31,937. These new engines would add a fourth funnel to Mauretania's profile and a top speed of 24 knots, faster than anything on the ocean. But as the industrial revolution progressed, advancements in technology and materials allowed ship building to cross that once thought uncrossable bridge. Two years later, she would capture the Blue Riband for the fastest westbound record, a title she would hold for twenty years. This resulted in a fire breaking out in her lower decks and prompted Cunard to pull the ship for the much needed refit. Mauretania, transatlantic passenger liner of the Cunard Line, called the “Grand Old Lady of the Atlantic.” It was launched in 1906 and made its maiden voyage in 1907; thereafter, it held the Atlantic Blue Riband for speed until 1929, challenged only by its sister ship, the Lusitania (sunk by a German submarine on May 7, 1915). English: RMS Mauretania (also known as the "Maury") was an ocean liner of the Cunard Line, launched on 20 September 1906. Under the emperor Claudius (about ad 44), the area was annexed to Rome and divided into two provinces: Mauretania Tingitana, with its capital at Tingis (modern Tangier); and Mauretania Caesariensis, with its capital at Caesarea (modern Cherchell, Alg. One of the pieces saved from salvage during the break up is the letter 'E' from her bow nameplate. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. These have all been reprinted as well. It first aired on January 21, 1968. Well, I read where the Lusitania had a lot of problems with vibration, which required an extensive (and expensive) refitting. She was the world's largest ship until the completion of RMS  Olympic … The Mauretania was withdrawn from service in 1934. RMS Mauretania was an ocean liner designed by Leonard Peskett and built by Wigham Richardson and Swan Hunter for the British Cunard Line, launched on the afternoon of 20 September 1906. Jason Ponic works in the exciting world of Hollywood film and television by day and writes by night. Mauretania synonyms, Mauretania pronunciation, Mauretania translation, English dictionary definition of Mauretania. The Mauretania was withdrawn from service in 1934. 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