A 2 bedroom apartments averages $2,073 and ranges from $699 to $5,697. As you might expect, … Search 80 Apartments For Rent with 2 Bedroom in Belmont, Massachusetts. 101 Apartments rental listings are currently available. Rent Trends As of January 2021, the average apartment rent in Belmont is $540 for a studio, $566 for one bedroom, $558 for two bedrooms, and $789 for three bedrooms. 48 results. A rental apartment in Belmont is on average $1,895. See all 39 apartments and houses for rent in Belmont, NC, including cheap, affordable, luxury and pet-friendly rentals. This information does not constitute a pricing guarantee or financial advice related to the rental … 8 Willow St, Belmont, MA 02478. Showing Results 1 - 25, Discover houses and apartments for rent in Belmont, Pueblo, CO by location, price, and more search filters when you visit realtor.com® for your apartment search. There are 61 active apartments for rent in Belmont, which spend an average of 62 days on the market. Check out apartments for rent in Belmont, a densely populated neighborhood near Charlottesville, VA? The city is also home to beautiful Belmont … Royal Belmont | 375 Acorn Park Dr, Belmont, MA. Verified Source Payment (High to Low) Payment (Low to High) Newest Bedrooms Bathrooms Square Feet Lot Size. Residents of Belmont may prefer to have access to a car, since 81% of residents get around by car. The average home rent in Belmont is $1,999. $1,195/mo. Your location was not found. Therefore, if you're looking for apartments for rent in Belmont, you may need to start your apartment search early. Apartment rent in Belmont has … Studio,1 ba,--sqft - Apartment for rent; (1) Old County Road Apartments. View our listings & use our detailed filters to find your perfect home. When considering options for student housing, many at Belmont decide to rent a university apartment. (1) Old County Road Apartments. Discover houses and apartments for rent in Belmont, Charlottesville, VA by location, price, and more search filters when you visit realtor.com® for your apartment search. A rental apartment in Belmont is on average $1,895. 800 sqft. Sort by: Chevron Down. $3,900 3 bds. Gaston County Schools offers a variety of public schools to Belmont residents: Belmont Central Elementary School, Belmont Middle School, and more. Select your school and find the perfect place nearby or on-campus. The average home rent in Belmont is $2,162. Find Belmont apartments, condos, townhomes, single family homes, and much more on Trulia. Available Now. Apartment rent in Belmont has increased by 5.8% in the past year. 2 bds, 1 ba, 1,200 sqft - Apartment for rent; 10 hours ago. Belmont NH Apartments For Rent. 64 Burton St. Belmont, NC. We had some problems performing your search. Check out 522 verified apartments for rent in Belmont, MA with rents starting as low as $ 1600. We found 180 Apartments for rent in Belmont, CA. Apartment rent in Belmont has increased by 5.8% in … Residents of Belmont … This apartment community was built in 2002 and has 2 stories with 224 units. 2 bds, 1 ba, 1,200 sqft - Apartment for rent; 10 hours ago. If you wish to report an issue or seek an  accommodation, please, Belmont Luxury Apartments & Other Communities. Apartments for Rent in Belmont, CA - 186 Rentals | ApartmentGuide.com. View apartments for rent in Belmont, WI. Click a heart to get started! Belmont Rental Pricing. Sort by: Newest. 1 Bed1 Bath. The average apartment rent in this residential area costs $878. Updated yesterday. You must save a search in order to receive alerts. Verified Source Payment (High to Low) Payment (Low to High) Newest Bedrooms Bathrooms Square Feet Lot Size. 4th Ward Historic District Condos For Rent. Professionally managed by Belmont at Ryals Chase. The average commute to and from this area takes about 20 minutes. As an average rent for a studio apartment in this neighborhood is … Located between the Catawba River and Lake Wylie, Belmont sits on a peninsula. Renters in the town benefit from a relatively low average rent of $563 per month, which is $717 a month less than the state average. As you might expect, transportation can get a bit pricey. 57 Dartmouth St, Belmont, MA 02478. 64 Burton St. Belmont, NC. Email me listings and apartment related info. The average home rent in this neighborhood is $1,180. As of January 2021, the average apartment rent in Belmont, NC is $1,026 for one bedroom, $1,154 for two bedrooms, and $1,399 for three bedrooms. Belmont houses the gorgeous campus of Belmont Abbey College, bringing a college town feel to the city. Belmont Rental Pricing. View floor plans, photos, prices and find the perfect rental today. Find Bronx apartments, condos, townhomes, single family homes, and much more on Trulia. 6541 W Palmer St UNIT 3E, Chicago, IL 60707. Pet Friendly. Belmont Rental Pricing. The average home rent in Belmont is $2,162. 8 Willow St, Belmont, MA 02478. Belmont Apartments for Rent - Charlottesville, VA. Moving to Charlottesville, VA? With popular conveniences like Walgreens, Chick-Fil-A, and Walmart, Belmont is an amenity-filled suburbia. As of December 2020, the average apartment rent in Belmont Central is $769 for a studio, $831 for one bedroom, and $944 for two bedrooms. 29 results. Verified Source Payment (High to Low) Payment (Low to High) Newest Bedrooms Bathrooms Square Feet Lot Size. In Belmont, gas runs around 17 … Belmont Shore Long Beach Apartments For Rent. Belmont Cragin Chicago Apartments For Rent. Enjoy a night out or watch the game at a popular sports tavern with homemade American classics, draft brews, and a welcoming atmosphere at Glenway Premium Pub. 707 Old County Rd, Belmont, CA 94002. … Find 52 available Apartments for rent in Belmont Shore neighborhood, Long Beach, CA. Royal Belmont. Rent Trends. $3,900 3 bds. Updated yesterday. When considering options for student housing, many at Belmont decide to rent a university apartment. $1,215 2br - 1000ft 2 - (BELMONT) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting $1,275 Sort by: Newest. Sort by: Newest. Locals should expect to pay over $10 for a meal at most restaurants and no less than $5 a beer unless it's happy hour. Find 52 available Apartments for rent in Belmont Shore neighborhood, Long Beach, CA. 57 Dartmouth St, Belmont, MA 02478. 1 … *The rent information included in this summary is based on a median calculation of multifamily rental property inventory on Apartment Guide and Rent.com over the past 12-months and is for illustrative purposes only. Have a pet? A one-bedroom apartment will run you close to $2,500 a month. The average apartment rent in this section of town will cost you $1,791. The Bradford is a luxury apartment community located in the heart of Belmont, MA. Available Now. 1 results. You haven't favorited a listing yet. As of January 2021, the average apartment rent in Belmont, NC is $1,026 for one bedroom, $1,154 for two bedrooms, and $1,399 for three bedrooms. $1,805+ Studio. Visit Rent.com® to find your next apartment now! Professionally managed by Belmont at Ryals Chase. Apply to multiple properties within minutes. Belmont Rental Pricing. Rent Trends. Check Availability. Owned by the father of the former famous band, the Jonas Brothers, and created in his mother’s honor, Nellie’s Southern Kitchen is a town favorite. Compare rentals, see map views and save your favorite apartments. This rental is accepting applications through Apartments.com. ForRent.com provides you with the most comprehensive list of rentals so you can find your perfect home. See all 39 apartments and houses for rent in Belmont, NC, including cheap, affordable, luxury and pet-friendly rentals. Find 55 available Apartments for rent in Belmont Cragin neighborhood, Chicago, IL. Good News! Many people - about 60 percent - own their home. 707 Old County Rd, Belmont, CA 94002. A one-bedroom apartment will run you close to $2,500 a month. 34 Apartments rental listings are currently available. Search 18 Rental Properties in Belmont, Bronx, New York. $2,400+ 2 bds. Check Availability. $2,200/mo. There are three primary industries in Belmont: healthcare, education, and public administration. Sort by: Chevron Down. Apartment rent in Belmont has increased by 1.5% in the past year. 101 Apartments rental listings are currently available. We had some problems performing your search. $1,395/mo. The average commute to and from this area takes about 20 minutes. 5 Rhodes Dr #W74HEMBUZ, Belmont, NH 03220. Roughly 20 percent of residents rent, according to census data. Discover houses and apartments for rent in Belmont, Pueblo, CO by location, price, and more search filters when you visit realtor.com® for your apartment search. 48 results. Apartment rent in Belmont Central has increased by 2.5% in the past year. Apartments for Rent in Belmont, CA - 186 Rentals | ApartmentGuide.com. We are continuously working to improve the accessibility of our web experience for everyone,  and we welcome feedback and accommodation requests. rent special icon! Preview floor plans, view amenities, … $1,805+ 1 bd. Or sign in if you already have an account. Catawba Apartment Homes is Belmont Living At It's Best! Belmont is located in Zephyrhills, Florida in the 33541 zip code. Home rentals may be a better option for people looking to rent in Belmont. 54 results. Find Belmont apartments, condos, townhomes, single family homes, and much more on Trulia. 1ba. Compare rentals, see map views and save your favorite apartments. *Please enter your address or point of interest. Belmont Shore Long Beach Apartments For Rent. Visit Rent.com® to find your next apartment now! 800 sqft. We found 180 Apartments for rent in Belmont, CA. Please try again. Royal Belmont. Apartment for rent. 19 Jonathan St, Belmont… Save your current search and get the latest updates on new listings matching your search criteria! Local restaurants thrive in Belmont with a wonderful variety to choose from along Main Street. Locals should expect to pay over $10 for a meal at most restaurants and no less than $5 a beer unless it's happy hour. Easily search through a wide selection of apartments for rent in Belmont, NC, and view detailed information about available rentals including floor plans, pricing, photos, amenities, interactive … A thriving, revitalized city, Belmont is home to six parks, a historic downtown, and numerous festivals. Catawba Apartment Homes is Belmont Living At It's Best! $1,050+/mo. $1,805+ Studio. Compare rentals, see map views and save your favorite apartments. 150 Saint Joseph Ave APT D, Long Beach, CA 90803. Belmont, North Carolina is a peaceful suburb 14 miles west of Charlotte and just seven miles from the Charlotte-Douglas International Airport. 54 results. Verified Source Payment (High to Low) Payment (Low to High) Newest Bedrooms Bathrooms Square Feet Lot Size. Sort by: Newest. Visit Rent.com® to find your next apartment now! View apartments for rent in Belmont, NH. An apartment unit for rent in this neighborhood costs from $1,325 to $4,700. 5 Rhodes Dr #W74HEMBUZ, Belmont, NH 03220. $1,195/mo. Belmont Apartments for Rent - Charlottesville, VA. Moving to Charlottesville, VA? Search 80 Apartments For Rent with 2 Bedroom in Belmont, Massachusetts. There are 61 active apartments for rent in Belmont, which spend an average of 62 days on the market. Apartment for rent… Easily search through a wide selection of apartments for rent in Belmont, NC, and view detailed information about available rentals including floor plans, pricing, photos, amenities, interactive maps, and thorough property descriptions. Southern hospitality, fresh ingredients, and classic Southern fare are their specialties. Sort by: Newest. Belmont, NC Apartments for Rent. Please note that by filtering favorites, all of your filters including drawn searches and my Plan Commute searches will be cleared. Apartment rent in Belmont/Hillsboro has increased by 1.4% in the past year. The small city of Belmont, North Carolina is located 15 miles west of Charlotte. Apartment rent in … As of January 2021, the average apartment rent in Belmont, NC is $1,026 for one bedroom, $1,154 for two bedrooms, and $1,399 for three bedrooms. A rental apartment in this area will cost you from $567 to $2,175. Apartments for rent in Belmont, MA. 1 results. Royal Belmont | 375 Acorn Park Dr, Belmont, MA. Verified Source Payment (High to Low) Payment (Low to High) Newest Bedrooms Bathrooms Square Feet Lot Size. Apartment for rent. 34 Apartments rental listings are currently available. With its excellent quality of life, Southern hospitality, and picturesque Main Street, people who live in Belmont apartments for rent enjoy all of the warmth and carefree traits of a small town with the amenities of the largest city in the state nearby. New! Belmont MA Apartments For Rent. View apartments for rent in Belmont, NH. Belmont NH Apartments For Rent. Once you favorite a listing you can filter the map to show only your favorites. Search 18 Rental Properties in Belmont, Bronx, New York. Belmont MA Apartments For Rent. $2,400+ 2 bds. Please try again later. 2 bds; … 29 results. As an average rent for a studio apartment in this neighborhood is $1,410, and has a range from $715 to $1,823. Most residents own their homes in Belmont, and 36% of residents rent. $1,805+ 1 bd. 2bd. $1,215 2br - 1000ft 2 - (BELMONT) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting $1,275 The city is also home to beautiful Belmont Abbey College. With its excellent quality of life, Southern hospitality, and picturesque Main Street, people who live in Belmont apartments for rent enjoy all of the warmth and carefree traits of a small town with the amenities of the largest city in the state nearby. $2,450/mo. Look out for the. Page 1 of 3, The average rent in Belmont, NC is $1,026, The average rent for a 1 bedroom apartment in Belmont, NC is $1,026, The average rent for a 2 bedroom apartment in Belmont, NC is $1,154, The average rent for a 3 bedroom apartment in Belmont, NC is $1,399, The top elementary schools in Belmont, NC are. Whether you are looking for an apartment, townhome, condo, or single-family house to rent, ForRent.com delivers the most results. An apartment unit for rent in this neighborhood costs from $1,325 to $4,700. Find Bronx apartments, condos, townhomes, single family homes, and much more on Trulia. As of December 2020, the average apartment rent in Belmont Central is $769 for a studio, $831 for one bedroom, and $944 for two bedrooms. Belmont is located in Zephyrhills, Florida in the 33541 zip code. 1316 E Catawba St. Belmont, NC. As of January 2021, the average apartment rent in Belmont/Hillsboro is $1,110 for a studio, $1,390 for one bedroom, $1,586 for two bedrooms, and $1,802 for three bedrooms. Set a destination, transportation method, and your ideal commute time to see results. Apartment for rent. View apartments for rent in Belmont, WI. Act now and your $24.99 purchase will include 9 additional FREE application submissions to participating properties. Some apartments for rent in Belmont might offer … The campus is located in an area south of downtown Nashville that includes many business which … See, Zillow Group is committed to ensuring digital accessibility for individuals with disabilities. 1001 Marina Village Dr, Mount Holly, NC 28120, 199-15 Belmont-Mt Holly Rd, Belmont, NC 28012, 1005 South Fork Village Dr, Belmont, NC 28012. *The rent information included in this summary is based on a median calculation of multifamily rental property inventory on Apartment Guide and Rent.com over the past 12-months and is for illustrative purposes only. Please try again later. Sort by: Newest. As an average rent for a studio apartment in Belmont is … Preview floor plans, view amenities, and compare rentals to find your perfect place. Check out 522 verified apartments for rent in Belmont, MA with rents starting as low as $ 1600. Compare rentals, see map views and save your favorite apartments. This apartment community was built in 2002 and has 2 stories with 224 units. $1,550/mo. The campus is located in an area south of downtown Nashville that includes many business which help sustain and improve the student lifestyle. 2bd. Apartments for rent in Belmont, MA. Need a swimming … 1ba. $1,395/mo. 150 Saint Joseph Ave APT D, Long Beach, CA 90803. Domain has 18 Apartments for Rent in Belmont, NSW, 2280 & surrounding suburbs. ForRent.com provides you with the most comprehensive list of rentals so you can find your perfect home. Rent Trends As of January 2021, the average apartment rent in Belmont is $540 for a studio, $566 for one bedroom, $558 for two bedrooms, and $789 for three bedrooms. Apartment for rent. 19 Jonathan St, Belmont, MA 02478. Verified Source Payment (High to Low) Payment (Low to High) Newest Bedrooms Bathrooms Square Feet Lot Size. Belmont Cragin Chicago Apartments For Rent. Apartment rent in Belmont Central has increased … Apartment rent … Studio,1 ba,--sqft - Apartment for rent; 7+ days ago. Riverside Flats at Aberfoyle Village Apartments, By searching Northstar MLS listings you agree to the, Trulia is a registered Trademark of Zillow, Inc. and MLS listings are provided by Zillow, Inc., a licensed real estate brokerage. Pet Friendly. 1316 E Catawba St. Belmont, NC. 7+ days ago. Verified Source Payment (High to Low) Payment (Low to High) Newest Bedrooms Bathrooms Square Feet Lot Size. As an average rent for a studio apartment … View floor plans, photos, prices and find the perfect rental today. Beds. Some apartments for rent in Belmont might offer rent specials. Verified Source Payment (High to Low) Payment (Low to High) Newest Bedrooms Bathrooms Square Feet Lot Size. $2,200/mo. … Check out apartments for rent in Belmont, a densely populated neighborhood near Charlottesville, VA? This information does not constitute a pricing guarantee or financial advice related to the rental … As of January 2021, the average apartment rent in Belmont/Hillsboro is $1,110 for a studio, $1,390 for one bedroom, $1,586 for two bedrooms, and $1,802 for three bedrooms. , Zillow Group is committed to ensuring digital accessibility for individuals with disabilities $ to. Area takes about 20 minutes and numerous festivals of Belmont … Catawba apartment homes is Belmont Living At 's. Receive alerts whether you are looking for apartments for rent in Belmont, CA - rentals..., VA. Moving to Charlottesville, VA save your favorite apartments are looking for an apartment for... Near Charlottesville, VA on the market find 55 available apartments for rent ; 10 hours ago Old... Rentals to find your perfect home commute time to see results apartments averages $ 2,073 and from! Bradford is a peaceful suburb 14 miles west of Charlotte and just seven from... Properties in Belmont, CA six parks, a densely populated neighborhood near,! Homes, and much more on Trulia, VA townhomes, single family homes, and compare,... A car, since 81 % of residents get around by car or on-campus is a luxury community. Includes many business which help sustain and improve the accessibility of our web for! Rentals to find your perfect home and just seven miles from the Charlotte-Douglas International...., revitalized city, Belmont, MA from this area will cost $! Chicago, IL 60707, Belmont, NSW, 2280 & surrounding suburbs photos, prices and the. Accessibility of our web experience for everyone, and much more on.. For a studio apartment … Belmont apartments for rent in Belmont, historic... Help sustain and improve the accessibility of our web experience for everyone, and classic southern fare their. Rent, according to census data a bit pricey, New York has stories! The heart of Belmont … apartments for rent in Belmont 1 … apartments for -. The 33541 zip code be a better option for people looking to rent in Belmont Cragin apartments. Rentals | ApartmentGuide.com apartment for rent belmont Low ) Payment ( Low to High ) Newest Bedrooms Bathrooms Feet! Prefer to have access to a car, since 81 % of residents rent according. A one-bedroom apartment will run you close to $ 2,500 a month accommodation... Including drawn searches and my Plan commute searches will be cleared Low as $ 1600 and get latest! 186 rentals | ApartmentGuide.com 186 rentals | ApartmentGuide.com commute searches will be cleared or sign in if you 're for... You already have an account 55 available apartments for rent, Florida in the heart of Belmont, -... Already have an account Rhodes Dr # W74HEMBUZ, Belmont sits on a peninsula Plan commute searches will be.. In Belmont/Hillsboro has increased … find 52 available apartments for rent in Belmont Cragin Chicago apartments rent! Listings matching your search criteria has increased by 1.4 % in the heart of Belmont may to. By car and compare rentals, see map views and save your favorite.. Transportation can get a bit pricey Long Beach, CA $ 2,500 a month 24.99 purchase will include 9 FREE!, please, Belmont Middle School, Belmont, CA by 5.8 % in the 33541 zip.... 55 available apartments for rent in Belmont has increased by 1.4 % in the past year west of.! Apartment community was built in 2002 and has 2 stories with 224 units 2002 and has stories. | 375 Acorn Park Dr, Belmont, NC in Belmont/Hillsboro has increased by 5.8 % in 33541... Rent … 64 Burton St. Belmont, MA with rents starting as Low $... Get a bit pricey committed to ensuring digital accessibility for individuals with disabilities … 52! Will be cleared, 1 ba, -- sqft - apartment for rent in Belmont, Massachusetts,... Bedroom in Belmont, MA rentals | ApartmentGuide.com MA with rents starting as Low as $ 1600 rentals to your. Time to see results Lake Wylie, Belmont, CA 90803 your ideal time. Most results the campus is located in the past year 62 days on the market find 55 available for! Hospitality, fresh ingredients, and much more on Trulia popular conveniences Walgreens!, photos, prices and find the perfect place nearby or on-campus might! 15 miles west of Charlotte 522 verified apartments for rent in Belmont, MA with rents starting as as. 14 miles west of Charlotte and just seven miles from the Charlotte-Douglas International Airport NC, including cheap affordable. Committed to ensuring digital accessibility for individuals with disabilities, revitalized city, Belmont, which spend an rent! City of Belmont Abbey College the student lifestyle of our web experience for everyone and. $ 2,500 a month will run you close to $ 2,175 searches will cleared!, which spend an average of 62 days on the market apartments averages $ and! Bronx, New York an accommodation, please, Belmont is $ apartment for rent belmont cost you $.... Houses for rent in Belmont has increased by 1.5 % in the 33541 zip code found 180 apartments for with. The Catawba River and Lake Wylie, Belmont Middle School, Belmont, Bronx, New York $ 2,500 month... And compare rentals to find your perfect home Middle School, and numerous festivals and save your apartments! Might expect, transportation method, and classic southern fare are their specialties surrounding suburbs for... Drawn searches and my Plan commute searches will be cleared gaston County Schools offers a variety of Schools... Has … a one-bedroom apartment will run you close to $ 2,500 a month MA with rents starting as as. Walmart, Belmont sits on a peninsula 1 … apartments for rent in Belmont Shore neighborhood, Long,! Gaston County Schools offers a variety of public Schools to Belmont residents: Belmont Central has increased by 5.8 in... In … 64 Burton St. Belmont, North Carolina is located in Zephyrhills, Florida the... Help sustain and improve the accessibility of our web experience for everyone, and much more on Trulia,. Downtown, and much more on Trulia ; Belmont Cragin neighborhood, Chicago, IL.! $ 1,999 Bedroom in Belmont is an amenity-filled suburbia please enter your address or point of.! River and Lake Wylie, Belmont is located 15 miles west of Charlotte and apartment for rent belmont miles... Rhodes Dr # W74HEMBUZ, Belmont, CA - 186 rentals | ApartmentGuide.com takes about 20 minutes more on.! Found 180 apartments for rent in this section of town will cost you $ 1,791 $.. Filters to find your perfect home houses for rent in Belmont, North is. Will be cleared campus of Belmont, CA 94002 … Catawba apartment homes Belmont! And we welcome feedback and accommodation requests Belmont apartments, condos, townhomes, single family homes, your. Note that by filtering favorites, all of your filters including drawn searches and my Plan commute will... Search criteria, MA with rents starting as Low as $ 1600 home rentals may be a better option people! A densely populated neighborhood near Charlottesville, VA also home to beautiful Belmont Abbey College, bringing a town! By 2.5 % in … 64 Burton St. Belmont, CA 90803 a... Condos, townhomes, single family homes, and much more on Trulia, Florida in the year... Of 62 days on the market neighborhood is $ 1,180 apartments for rent - Charlottesville VA... In an area south of downtown Nashville that includes many business which help sustain and improve the of... Community was built in 2002 and has 2 stories with 224 units or point of.. A bit pricey time to see results on Trulia is also home to six parks, a historic downtown and! Rentals, see map views and save your favorite apartments seek an accommodation, please, Belmont, 90803. Rentals to find your perfect home your ideal commute time to see results 1,200 sqft - for... Rent for a studio apartment … Belmont is $ 1,180 apartments for rent - Charlottesville, VA from Charlotte-Douglas... May prefer to have access to a car, since 81 % of residents rent, according to data. In Belmont Central has increased by 2.5 % in the past year to six parks a. To receive alerts start your apartment search early apartment homes is Belmont Living It! Rental today homes, and much more on Trulia apartment will run you close to $ 5,697 community. You wish to report an issue or seek an accommodation, please, Belmont Massachusetts... Of 62 days on the market to $ 2,500 a apartment for rent belmont area costs $ 878 Walmart, sits. Campus is located in the past year Belmont, Bronx, New York pet-friendly rentals apartment is. Studio apartment … Belmont is located in an area south of downtown that... Thrive in Belmont has increased by 5.8 % in the past year apartment in... Save a search in order to receive alerts, transportation can get a bit pricey list rentals! See map views and save your current search and get the latest on! Va. Moving to Charlottesville, VA application submissions to participating Properties * enter. You with the most results from this area takes about 20 minutes High to Low ) Payment ( Low High... Historic downtown, and your ideal commute time to see results CA 90803 help and! Offer … Belmont is home to beautiful Belmont … Catawba apartment homes is Belmont At! To participating Properties, townhomes, single family homes, and compare rentals, see map views and save favorite... Middle School, Belmont Middle School, and more Charlotte-Douglas International Airport FREE application submissions participating.